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Grade 12 – Commerce

SESSION 1 – Fall

OLC4O - Grade 12 Ontario Secondary School Literacy

Course description:

To participate fully in the society and workplace of the twenty-first century, today’s students will need to be able to use language skillfully and confidently. The Ontario curriculum recognizes the central importance of reading and writing skills in learning across the curriculum and in everyday life and prepares students for the literary demands they will face in their post-secondary endeavors. To ensure that they have the essential competencies in reading and writing that they will need to succeed at school, at work, and in daily life, students in Ontario must demonstrate those skills as a requirement for graduation.

The Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course (OSSLC) is a full-credit Grade 12 course that is offered as a part of the English program to provide students with intensive support in achieving the required reading and writing competencies. The reading and writing competencies required by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT) form the instructional assessment core of the course.

MHF4U - Grade 12 Advanced Functions

Course description:

Grade 12 Advanced Functions extends the student’s experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change, and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills.

This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.

BBB4M - Grade 12 International Business Fundamentals

Course description:

Grade 12 International Business examines the importance of international business and trade for our global economy and explores factors influencing success in international markets. Throughout this course, students will discover the techniques and strategies associated with effective marketing, distribution, and managing international business. This course prepares students for post-secondary programs in business, including international business, marketing, and management.

Choose one (1) Elective course:

HFA4U - Grade 12 Nutrition And Health

Course description:

The Grade 12 Nutrition and Health course explores the relationships between food, energy balance, and nutritional status; our nutritional needs at different stages of life; and the role of nutrition in health and disease. Throughout this course, students will evaluate nutrition-related trends and examine how food choices can promote food security and environmental responsibility. They will also learn about healthy eating, expand their repertoire of food-preparation techniques, and develop their social science research skills by investigating issues related to nutrition and health.

HHS4U - Grade 12 Families In Canada

Course description:

Grade 12 Families in Canada examines issues and challenges facing individuals and families in Canada’s diverse society. In this course, students will draw on sociological, anthropological and psychological theories and research to examine factors affecting families and assess policies and practices intended to support Canadian families.

SESSION 2 – Winter

MCV4U - Grade 12 Calculus and Vectors

Course description:

This course builds on the students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modeling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course.

ENG4U - Grade 12 English

Course description:

Grade 12 University English seeks to consolidate the literacy and communication skills, as well as the critical and creative thinking skills, necessary for success in both academic and daily life. Throughout this course, students will analyze a range of challenging literary, informational, and graphic texts from various periods, countries, and cultures. They will also create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. The three key focuses of this course will be:

  1. Using academic language with confidence and clarity
  2. Selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and
  3. Developing greater control in one’s writing.


CLN4U - Grade 12 Canadian and international Law

Course description:

Grade 12 Challenge & Change focuses on the use of social science theories, perspectives, and methodologies to understand and explain the societal impact of shifts in attitudes and behaviour. Throughout this course, students will critically analyze how and why cultural, social, and behavioural patterns change over time. They will explore the ideas of social theorists and use these ideas to analyze causes of, and responses to, challenges such as technological change, deviance, and global inequalities.

Updated: January 23, 2024

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